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《Acta Horticulturae Sinica》 1981-02
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STUDIES ON THE PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES RELATED TO MEALY FLESH OF APPLE FRUIT, CV.‘STARKING' DURING STORAGE

Xia Chunsen Wang Lanying ( Qing Jiang Orchards, Jiang-su Province )  
The experimental results herein reported show that high respiration rate induced by high temperature ( 25~30℃ ) after harvest was the chief factor causing mealy flesh of 'Starking' apple during storage.The climac-teric was reached 14~20 days after picking.It was found that treatment with Alar 2000 ppm 40 to 56 days before picking tended to reduce the rate of respiration and thus slow down the process of becoming mealy, but only to a limited extent. The hydrolysis of starch, cellulose and pectin occurred prior to the climacteric.The activity of hydrogen catalase, dehydrogenase, amylase and pectinase reached their peak also prior to the climacteric.The peak of activity of cellulose coincided with the climacteric.
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