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《Acta Horticulturae Sinica》 1989-01
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EFFECTS OF NITROGEN FORM ON GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, YIELD AND COMPOSITION OF CUCUMBER IN SAND CULTURE

Du Yongchen, Zhang Fuman, Liu Buzhou ( Department of Horticulture, Beijing Agricultural University,Beijing. )  
There are five different treatments with NH4-N: NO3-N at 0:100,10: 100, 10:90,30:70, 50 : 50 and 100 : 0, and urea were carried on in cucumber ( Cucumis sativus L. cv. Jin Za Yi Hao ) grown in sand. The total N level in nutrient solution was 16mM. The results showed that NH4-N significantly increased leaf area, shoot length and number of female flower, promoting anthesis of cucumber plants in the fall--winter experiments, and increased leaf area in early stage and early yield in the spring-summer experiments. But the total yield was not affected significantly by the treatments. With increasing ratio of NH4-N in nutrient solution, concentrations of N, P and soluble sugar of leaf were increased, but K, Ca, Mg and Mo were decreased. The plants received urea grew poorly in the fall--winter experiments, but grew very well in the spring-summer experim-ents. The results recommended that NH4-N could be used as nitrogen source up to 50%of total N in nutrient solution, and that urea could be used singlely or partially in spring-summer season in sand culture of cucumber.
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