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《Acta Horticulturae Sinica》 1990-04
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A PRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE EFFECT OF A MYCORRHIZAL FUNGUS ON IRON UPTAKE BY CITRUS SEEDLINGS

Tang Zhengyao ( Citrus Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences ) He Shaulin ( Southwest Agricultural University )  
The purpose of this experiment is to determine whether the VA mycorrhizal fungus,Glomus citriculum, is beneficial to certain citrus species for correcting iron-deficiency chlorosis. Seedlings of 4 citrus species, C.aurantium, C. limonia, C. reticulata,and P. trifoliata, were grown in pots with alkaline purple soil. The soil was irradiated with γ-ray to kill indigenous fungi and irrigated with Hoagland's solution devoid of iron.Radio isotope 55 + 59Fe was used for labelling the iron at the rate of 64 μci to each plant. Four months after inoculation with this mycorrhizal fungus, the roots of the seedlings of all these 4 citrus species were well infected, indicating that Glomus citriculum is an efficient encophyte in purple soil. The growth of the inoculated seedlings was significantly more vigorous than those not inoculated as shown by an increase in shoot height and weight of 1.2~2.0 times. 70 days after the application of labelled ferrous sulphate, the radio-activity of the mycorrhizal seedlings was 2~4times stronger than the non-mycorrhizal ones.These results lead to the conclution that this mycorrhizal fungus promotes iron uptake by these 4 citrus species, especially in the case of Citrus limonia.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目
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