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《Acta Horticulturae Sinica》 1991-04
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THE EFFECTS OF POSTHARVEST INFILTRATION OF CALCIUM ON RESPIRATION, ETHYLENE PRODUCTION, VOLATILE SUBSTANCES AND QUALITY OF ‘KUERLE SWEETPEAR' FRUIT

Chen Fahe, Zhang Weiyi, and Wu Guangbin ( Department of Horticulture, Xinjiang August First Agricultural College )  
Kuerle sweetpear were vacuum-infiltrated with CaCl2 solution after harvest. Calcium can postpone its respiration climacteric and lower the peak of climacteric. The treated pear which is stored firstly at 0-1 ℃for 80 days, then at 18-20 ℃ for 6 days shows that calcium could inhi-bit the respiration, lower the amount of ethylene released and reduce the production of alcohol, ethyl acetate, acetaldehyde and acetone by pear.During storage, calcinm can keep the firmness of pear and reduce loss of ascorbic acid.The relative conductivity of pulp and membrane permeability decrease as the concentration of calcium increase.Forming blotches and rotting specks on the peel are sharply reducedat the later stage of storage, Calcium has no effect on titratable acid and soluble solid during the storage.
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