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《Acta Horticulturae Sinica》 2011-11
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Investigation of the Mineral Nutrients Status of Pear Leaves in Main Orchards Around the Bohai Bay Region

SONG Xiao-hui,XIE Kai,ZHAO Hua-bing,LI Yan-li,XU Yang-chun,and DONG Cai-xia (College of Resources and Environment Sciences,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China)  
The pear tree nutrition diagnosis is based on mineral nutrition element contents in its leaves. This study investigated the nutrient status of pear leaves and soils in main orchards around the Bohai Bay region. The results showed that:(1)In 81%–97% orchards,the P,Ca,Mg and Fe contents in leaves were at optimal level,while in 26%–40% orchards,N and Zn contents were at the lower level.(2)Except for Mg and Zn,the other mineral nutrients content in leaves varied significantly in different cultivars. Pingguoli pear had higher N and P contents,but lower K content,Laiyang Chili pear had lower N,but higer P and K contents,and Dangshan Suli pear had lower contents of N,P and K(.3)N/P,Mg/P,Zn/P, K/Mg,Ca/Mg,Zn/Mg were screened for the DRIS parameters,and the sequence of the elements, necessary for improvement of the low-yield pear trees,was approxinately Mg P Ca K Zn N Fe.(4)The soil pH is positively correlated to leaf Ca,Mg content,but negatively correlated to leaf Zn content. There was a significant positive correlation between organic matter in soil and the leaf N,Mg content. Anyway,between the leaf content of N,K,Ca,Mg,Zn and soil available nutrients,there is a significant positive correlation.
【Fund】: 国家梨产业技术体系项目(CARS-29-15)
【CateGory Index】: S661.2
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