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《Chinese Fishery Quality and Standards》 2014-02
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Analysis and evaluation on nutrients in whole viscera of Ruditapes philippinarum

YANG Jinlan;LI Liudong;HUANG Ke;LI Zhiguang;WANG Qiang;WANG Xufeng;YANG Hongliang;CHEN Peiji;Key Laboratory of Aquatic Product Processing,Ministry of Agriculture;Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risky Assessment for Aquatic Product on Storage and Preservation ( Guangzhou) ,South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences;  
In order to make full development and utilization of Ruditapes Philippinarum,and improve its added value, the general nutrients,amino acid compositions,fatty acid compositions and mineral contents were analyzed with the chemical method and instrument analysis method. Meanwhile,amino acids score( AAS) and chemical score( CS) were used to judge the nutrition of R. Philippinarum. The results showed that the contents of moisture,crude protein, crude fat and crude ash in fresh whole viscera of R. Philippinarum were 77. 21%,16. 40%,1. 46% and 3. 01%, respectively,18 amino acids were detected in the whole viscera of R. Philippinarum,all kinds of essential amino acids were found,and the composition ratio followed the standard issued by FAO / WHO. In addition,the whole viscera of R. Philippinarum were very rich in tasty amino acids such as glutamic acid,aspartic acid and glycine acid. According to nutrition evaluation in amino acids score( AAS),the first limiting amino acids was Trp and Phe,but the first limiting amino acid was Met + Cys in chemical score( CS). It was mostly made up of polyunsaturated fatty acids, in which,the contents of EPA and DHA was 30. 4% totally. The composition of mineral elements of the whole viscera in R. philippinarum was reasonable. The trace elements such as Se were rich. In conclusion,this investigation indicated that R. philippinarum is a high nutritive and delicious shellfish,and it could be a potential aquaculture species.
【Fund】: 农业公益性行业科研专项(nyhyzx07-047)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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