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《Chinese Fishery Quality and Standards》 2019-02
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Effects of different freezing conditions on quality of Scomberomorus niphoniu

ZHAO Feng;JIANG Huizhu;WANG Hong;MA Yujie;WANG Shanshan;LIU Meng;LI Guodong;ZHOU Deqing;Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(Qingdao) Labaoratory for Marine Drugs and Bioproducts;College of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University;Penglai Jinglu Fishery Co., Ltd;Qingdao Yihexing Foods Co., Ltd.;  
Frozen storage is one of the most methods for long-term preservation of Scomberomorus niphoniu, and different freezing conditions can affect the quality directly. The freezing rates of different freezing modes, including-90 ℃ liquid nitrogen quick freezing,-50 ℃ refrigerator freezing,-30 ℃ plate quick-freezing,-30 ℃ refrigerator freezing and-18 ℃ warehouse freezing were tested. To investigate the effects of different freezing conditions on the quality of Scomberomorus niphoniu, the physicochemical indexes including water-holding capacity, TVB-N content, TBA value and the contents of sulfhydryl were measured. The freezing conditions included liquid nitrogen quick-freezing,-50 ℃ refrigerator freezing,-30 ℃ plate quick-freezing,-30 ℃ refrigerator freezing and-18 ℃ warehouse freezing. The results showed that there was a significant difference in Scomberomorus niphoniu quality among different freezing methods(P0.05). The evaluation indexes of Scomberomorus niphoniu using liquid nitrogen quick-freezing was best. The quality of Scomberomorus niphoniu frozen at-50 ℃ refrigerator and-30 ℃ plate quick-freezing was slightly worse than that frozen in liquid nitrogen quick-freezing, but significantly better than that of the other two groups. There was no significant difference in Scomberomorus niphoniu samples between-50 ℃ refrigerator freezing and-30 ℃ plate quick-freezing for water-holding capacity and whiteness value(P0.05). In terms of lipid oxidation and sulfhydryl content,-30 ℃ plate freezing was significantly better than-50 ℃ refrigerator freezing(P0.05), but there was no significant difference between-30 ℃ plate quick-freezing and-90 ℃ liquid nitrogen quick freezing(P0.05). The results showed that both liquid nitrogen quick-freezing and plate quick-freezing can keep the quality of Scomberomorus niphoniu well and could be used as practical methods in production. [Chinese Fishery Quality and Standards, 2019,9(2):09-15]
【Fund】: 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所基本科研业务费(20603022016002);; 山东省农业重大应用技术创新课题
【CateGory Index】: TS254.4
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