Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology》 2011-01
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Effects of ambroxol combined with low-dose heparin on production of ICAM-1 and E,P-selectin in acute lung injury

ZHU Xue-hua1,WANG Wan-tie2,DAI Yong-yue2,JIANG Liu-ming3(1School of Nursing,2Department of Pathophysiology,3Department of Anesthesiology,The First Affiliated Hospital,Wenzhou Medical College,Wenzhou 325035,China)  
AIM:To study the production of intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1),E-selectin and P-selectin in serum,lung tissues and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF)of acute lung injury(ALI) model and to observe the effects of ambroxol combined with low-dose heparin on the changes of the 3 factors above.METHODS:Twenty-four healthy rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups:normal saline control group(NC),oleic acid injury group(OA),ambroxol+ heparin treatment group(AH).The rabbit ALI model was induced by oleic acid injection through auricular vein.Partial pressure of O2 in artery(PaO2) was analyzed.The concentrations of ICAM-1 and E-selectin were detected by ELISA.The apoptosis index(AI) was measured by TUNEL method.The expression of P-selectin was determined by immunohistochemical method.The ultrastructural changes of the lung tissues were observed under electron microscope,and the lung wet/dry ratio(W/D) was calculated.RESULTS:PaO2 in AH group and OA group was significantly lower(P0.01) than that in NC group,and PaO2 in AH group was significantly higher than that in OA group(P0.01).The concentrations of ICAM-1 and E-selectin in serum,lung tissues and BALF,and AI and W/D in lung tissues in AH group were higher(P0.05 or P0.01) than those in NC group,and was lower than those in OA group(P0.05 or P0.01).In NC group,no significant change of the above parameters at all time points was observed(P0.05).In OA group,PaO2 was significantly decreased(P0.01) with the pathological process developed,and the concentrations of ICAM-1 and E-selectin were significantly increased.In AH group,PaO2 was decreased(P0.05),and the concentrations of ICAM-1 and E-selectin were increased with the process of ALI developed.The P-selectin expression in lung tissues of OA group was distributed mainly in inflammatory cells,capillary endothelial cells and plasma.From low to high levels,the order was NC group AH group OA group in the expression of P-selectin.The most obvious apoptosis was observed in OA group.No apoptosis or occasional positive cells were found in NC group.The apoptotic rate in AH group was significantly reduced compared with that in OA group.CONCLUSION:In ALI induced by OA,ICAM-1,E-selectin and P-selectin are significantly increased and are involved in the occurrence and development of ALI.Ambroxol combined with low-dose heparin reduces the levels of ICAM-1,E-selectin and P-selectin,the pulmonary edema and the lung injury,improves pulmonary functions,and plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of acute lung injury.
【CateGory Index】: R563.8
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved