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《Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology》 2014-12
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Effects of tanshinone IIA on proliferation,apoptosis and expression of HIF-1α,VEGF and wild-type P53 in human hepatoma Hep G2 cells under hypoxia

LIU Li-xuan;WU Ling-fei;DENG Wei;ZHOU Xiao-tao;CHEN Rui-pei;XIANG Meng-qi;GUO Yi-tian;PU Ze-jin;LI Guo-ping;Department of Gastroenterology,The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College;  
AIM: To investigate the effects of tanshinone IIA( Tan IIA) on proliferation,apoptosis and its molecular mechanism in human hepatoma Hep G2 cells under hypoxic condition. METHODS: Hypoxia model was established by treatment with cobalt chloride( Co Cl2). The cells were divided into normoxia control group,hypoxia control group and hypoxia combined at different concentrations of Tan IIA groups. After Hep G2 cells were incubated with different concentrations of Tan IIA( 0. 5,1. 0,2. 0,5. 0 and 10. 0 mg / L) for 24 h,48 h and 72 h under hypoxic condition,the cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. After Tan IIA was added to the media at different concentrations for 24 h and 48 h,the apoptotic cells were observed by Hoechst 33258 staining. The protein levels of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha( HIF-1α),vascular endothelial growth factor( VEGF) and wild-type P53 were detected by Western blotting after cultured with different concentrations of Tan IIA for 48 h. RESULTS: Tan IIA inhibited the proliferation of Hep G2 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Tan IIA induced the typical morphology of apoptotic cells and increased the apoptotic rate in a dose- and time-dependent manner after treatment with 1. 0 mg / L ~ 5. 0 mg / L for 24 h and 48 h under hypoxic condition.The protein levels of HIF-1α and VEGF were weakly expressed in Hep G2 cells under normoxia but up-regulated after incubated under hypoxia for 48 h. The protein expression of HIF-1α and VEGF were decreased with the increase in the concentration of Tan IIA under hypoxia. The protein expression of wild-type P53 was increased with the increase in the concentrations of Tan IIA under hypoxia. CONCLUSION: Tan IIA significantly inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of human hepatoma Hep G2 cells under hypoxia,which may be related to the down-regulation of HIF-1α and VEGF and upregulation of wild-type P53.
【Fund】: 广东省中医药局资助项目(No.20121165)
【CateGory Index】: R285.5
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