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《Maternal and Child Health Care of China》 2014-30
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Study on the relationship between dietary patterns and overweight,obesity of preschool children in seven cities in China

WANG Huan;YU Pan;ZHANG Ya-Rong;Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene,School of Public Health,Peking University;  
Objective: To analyze the relationship between dietary patterns and overweight,obesity of preschool children in seven cities in China. Methods: A total of 801 preschool children were selected from seven cities by purposive sampling method and cluster random sampling method; their general population sociological data were obtained by questionnaire survey,24- hour dietary recall method was used to collect dietary data. Results: Three dietary patterns were identified. Pattern 1 was associated with high intakes of pork,organ meats,oils,salt /salty foods,beans,rice,potatoes and vegetables. Pattern 2 was related to high intakes of organ meats,fruits,oils and salt /salty foods. Pattern 3 was associated with high intakes of organ meats,poultry and flours. The dietary patterns were affected by region,parental educational levels,family income,piddling or not,times of dining out,physical activity,overweight and obesity or not. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that pattern 1 was a risk factor for overweight and obesity( OR = 2. 060),while pattern 3 was a protective factor within a certain range( OR = 0. 432). Conclusion: Dietary pattern was associated with overweight and obesity to a certain extent.
【CateGory Index】: R153.2
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