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《Proceedings of the CSEE》 2007-06
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Comparative Analysis on Return Stroke Current of Triggered and Natural Lightning Flashes

ZHANG Qi-lin, QIE Xiu-shu, KONG Xiang-zhen, ZHOU Yun-jun, YANG Jing, ZHANG Ting-long, FENG Gui-li,XIAO Qing-fu (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, China)  
The discharge current of return stroke in artificially triggered lightning has been obtained in microsecond time resolution by using current measuring systems in Shandong province in the summer of 2005. The results show that the duration of the discharge is about 1120ms. The whole discharge process comprises of 10 return strokes with mean time interval of 87 ms ranging from 18 ms to 210ms. The geometric mean peak current of return strokes is 11.9 kA with a range from 6.6 kA to 21.0 kA. The current peak of classical triggered lightning strokes (10~17kA) are similar to that of natural subsequent return strokes (12~18kA); while the current peak of first return stroke (a discharge between the lower end of the wire and the ground) in altitude triggered lightning (24~37kA) is less than that of natural lightning (30~45kA). The differences in the peak current observed at different areas are about 50% for natural downward strokes. The current peak of upward lightning stroke (8~10kA) is less than all other strokes.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金“十五”重点项目(40135010);; 国家科技基础条件平台项目(2004DEA71070)~~
【CateGory Index】: P427.3
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