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Analysis on obesity and its risk factors among inhabitants of Bortala prefecture of Xinjiang autonomous region

WANG Kun,AO Youte,ZHAO Lei,et al.Department of Cardiology,the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University(Urumqi 830054,China)  
Objective To find out the epidemiological characteristics of overweight and obesity in the inhabitant over 30 year-old from Mongolians,Kazakans,Uygurs and Hans in Bortala Prefecture of Xinjiang,and the relation between obesity and cardiovascular risk factor. Methods The epidemiological study was carried out in 3732 Inhabitants over 30 year-old by cluster sampling. Results The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in this region were 36.02% and 27.39% respectively,which were higher in city than in country.There was not a significant difference in total overweight/obesity between male and female;Male's overweight was higher than female's;Female's obesity was higher than male's.Risk of suffering from overweight and obesity was highest in Mongolians' population,lowest in Kazakans'.Male of Mongolians' and female of Uygurs' obesity were very high.The risk factors of overweight and obesity were age,gender,nationality,vocation,education level,drinking,meat.Male was much more than female in overweight/obesity with cardiovascular risk factor. Conclusion The high morbidity of overweight and obesity is becoming one of the prominent public health problems in the region investigated,especially obesity.Male of obesity in four ethnic group is high risk group of cardiovascular disease.
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