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《Chinese Journal of Public Health》 2009-06
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Study on factors influencing hearing loss of mid-age and elderly person in communities of Taiyuan

YIN Jiong,LI Jing-jie,WANG Ting,et al.Department of Epidemiology,School of Public Health,Shanxi Medical University(Taiyuan 030001,China)  
Objective To explore the factors influencing hearing among mid-age and elderly person in the communities of Taiyuan.Methods Seven hundred and seventy-four(324 males,450 females) persons above 40-years old selected with cluster random sampling in four communities were interviewed to collect information on general status,living behavior and disease history.The 0.5,1,2,4KHz hearing threshold of two ears was adopted as average hearing threshhold.SPSS 11.5 statistical software was used to perform the single factor analysis and the multi-factor non-condition Logistic regression.Results The result of single factor analysis showed that gender,age,ototoxic drug use,typmapanitis history,history of ear injury,history of suffering high fever,education,income,environment,hypertension had relations with hearing loss(P0.05 or P0.01).The result of multi-factor non-condition Logistic regression showed that age,hypertension,education and income had relation with hearing loss.Elder age and hypertension were the risk factors of hearing loss.The high education and income were the protecitve factors for hearing loss.Conclusion Age,hypertension,education and income are related to hearing loss.Controlling measures for the factors may reduce the risk of hearing loss among mid-age and elderly persons.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30571611)
【CateGory Index】: R764
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