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《China Environmental Science》 2012-08
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The immobilization remediation of Cd contaminated soils in wastewater irrigation region and its ecological effects

SUN Yue-bing1, XU Ying-ming1, SHI Xin2, WANG Lin1, LIN Da-song1, LIANG Xue-feng1(1.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Agro-Environment and Food Safety, Key Laboratory of Original Environmental Quality, Ministry of Agriculture, Agro-Environmental Protection Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Tianjin 300191, China;2.College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China)  
Pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of sepiolite on stabilization remediation of Cd contaminated soils in wastewater irrigation region and soil environmental quality.Results showed that the addition of sepiolite significantly decreased the concentration of TCLP-Cd in soil,the ratio of Cd exchangeable fraction reduced by 0.8%~3.8% when compared with the control,while the percentage of residual form of Cd increased by 0.5%~9.8%.However,the treatments of sepiolite significantly increased the biomass of spinach,resulting in 0.94~2.11 times increase for shoot biomass and 1.63~5.21 times increase for root biomass,respectively,in contrast to the control group.The activities of catalase,urease and invertase after applying sepiolite increased by 5.1%~15.4%,14.2%~28.8% and 23.5%~34.0%.And the amount of bacteria and fungi enhanced by 15.5%~91.7% and 45.6%~96.5%,respectively.The concentration of Cd in the shoots and roots and Cd bioaccumulation and translocation factors of spinach decreased with increasing of sepiolite,suffering by 19.9%~45.6% and 51.2%~70.2% reduction,respectively.when compared to CK.The Cd content in the editable parts of spinach met with the national standard of hygiene quality for vegetable(GB 2762-2005) when the treatment of sepiolite was up to 5%.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(21107056;21177068;4901154);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(2011-szjj-syb);; 天津市自然科学基金资助项目(10JCYBJC06300);; 公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201203045)
【CateGory Index】: X53
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