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《Chinese Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine》 2002-04
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The treatment of acute pulmonary edema via face mask mechanical ventilation

ZHU Lei ,RONG Weihai, NIU Shanfu ,et al. Pulmonary Department, Zfiongshan Hospital, Fudan Medical University . Shanghai 200032, China  
Objective To evaluate the effects of face mask mechanical ventilation(FMMV) on treatment of acute pulmonary edema.Methods The study included 34 patients with acute pulmonary edema,22 patients received FMMV based on conventional treatments, or after failure of conventional treatment and 12 patients only received general treatments( control group) .The symptoms and signs, the chest X-ray appearance, and artery blood gases were gathered and analyzed. Results After 30 mimutes via FMMV20 patients had good compliance,while dyspnoea was improved markedly,respiratory rates decreased from (37±7)times/min to (26 +5)times/min (P0.05), heart rates decreased from (122± 21) times/ min to (94 ± 27) times/ min (P 0.05). The blood pressure of 4 patients with prior hypoten-tion was improved rapidly, and the others were stable. The cough, expect oration and moist rale of lung of all patients were disappeared basically in 24 hours.The symptoms of these patients were improved more rapidly than those in control group.The artery blood gases analysis showed that Pap2 rose from (62 ± 10) mm Hg to (78± 18) mm Hg after 1 hours(P0.05) ,and to (96 + 22) mm Hg after 2-6 hours (P 0.05),PaO2 of these patients was improved more rapidly than control group, PaCO2 and pH was also gradually improved to normal ranges.21 patients were weaned from ventilator in 24-48 hours, another one was after 4 days.Without menchanic ventilation,the PaO2 was (79±8) mm Hg (P0.05) during freely breathing airs.Conclusion FMMV can improved cardiac function, pulmonary edema and hypox-emia more rapidly than conventional therapy.
【CateGory Index】: R563.9
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