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《China Poultry》 2019-17
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Study on Egg Quality and Biliverdin Content in Eggshell of Chishui Silky Fowl with Different Green Eggshell Genotypes

CHEN Lin;LI Hui;YANG Huating;LI Xingcai;ZHAO Zhonghai;XU Kequan;TIAN Shaoyang;College of Animal Sciences,Guizhou University;Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics,Breeding and Reproduction in the PlateauMountainous Region,Ministry of Education,Guizhou University;  
In order to improve the production efficiency and perfect the research content of egg quality of Chishui silky fowl,314 8-month-age Chishui silky hens were chosen as subjects.Firstly,according to the genotyping results of SLCO1 B3,they were divided into three types:green eggshell homozygous,green eggshell heterozygous and white eggshell homozygous.Then,60 eggs of each genotype were collected to determine the egg weight,shell color,egg shape index,shell strength,protein height,yolk color,Haugh value,yolk weight,the content of biliverdin and protoporphyrin in eggshell.Finally,the results were as following:There was no significant difference in eggshell index and the egg yolk color among the 3 genotypes(P0.05),and eggshell index of them were between 1.3 to 1.35,the eggshell strength of green eggshell homozygous type was significantly lower than that of green eggshell heterozygous type and white eggshell homozygous type(P0.05),the egg weight of green eggshell heterozygous type was significantly higher than those of white eggshell homozygous type and green eggshell homozygous type(P0.05),the protein heights of green eggshell homozygous type and white eggshell homozygous type were significantly higher than those of green eggshell heterozygous type(P0.05),the egg yolk weight of green eggshell homozygous type was significantly lower than that of green eggshell heterozygous type(P0.05),and the egg yolk weight of white eggshell homozygous type was between the two genotypes and no significant difference between the other two genotypes(P0.05),the Haugh values of green eggshell homozygous type and white eggshell homozygous type were significantly higher than that of green eggshell heterozygous type(P0.05).The content of biliverdin and protoporphyrin in eggshell,the content of biliverdin in eggshells of green eggshell homozygous type eggshells were found to be significantly higher than those of green eggshell heterozygous type eggshells and white eggshell homozygous type eggshells(P0.05),and the green eggshell heterozygous type eggshells was significantly higher than that in white eggshell homozygous type eggshells.The content of protoporphyrin in white eggshell homozygous type eggshells was significantly higher than those in eggshell heterozygous type eggshells and green eggshell homozygous type eggshells(P0.05),and the green eggshell heterozygous type eggshells was significantly higher than that in green eggshell homozygous type eggshells(P0.05).The results showed that the egg quality of green eggshell homozygous type Chishui silky fowl was better than that of green eggshell heterozygous type,the market value was higher than white eggshell homozygous type,and the green eggshell homozygous type Chishui silky fowl had higher development and utilization value.
【Fund】: 长顺县厅地县合作项目[CKH(2015)12]
【CateGory Index】: S831
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