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《The Chinese Journal for the History of Science and Technology》 2013-03
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The Dissemination of Tycho Brahe's Lunar Theory in China

CHU Longfei;SHI Yunli;Dept. of the History of Science and Scientific Archaeology,University of Science and Technology of China;  
Tycho Brahe's lunar theory is one of his most important contributions to astronomy.It was first introduced into China in the Chongzhen Lishu(Chongzhen Reign Treatises on Calendrical Astronomy).However,there are a lot of confusions and contradictions in the lunar theory in the Chongzhen Lishu.On the one hand,the tables of lunar motions and the method using these tables to calculate lunar position in the Chongzhen Lishu are obviously based on Tycho Brahe's complete lunar theory.On the other hand,however,the textual description of Tycho Brahe's lunar theory in the Chongzhen Lishu is quite incomplete.Not only is the Variation,Tycho Brahe's greatest discovery in the study of the motion of the moon,not discussed explicitly,but the explanation of the table about Variation is also incorrectly based on Copernicus' model of the moon.In the Lixiang Kaocheng(Thorough Investigation of Calendrical Astronomy),which was completed in the Kangxi Reign,there is another lunar model.This model turns out to be different from,but basically equivalent to,Tycho Brahe's lunar model,and it conforms to the lunar tables in both the Chongzhen Lishu and the Lixiang Kaocheng.In fact,this model was probably established by Chinese astronomers through their study of lunar theory in the Chongzhen Lishu.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(项目编号:11173022)
【CateGory Index】: P1-092
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