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《Agricultural History of China》 2011-03
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The Climatic Change and the Early Rice Cultivation in the Middle and Lower Reaches of the Yellow River

WANG Xing-guang(Department of History,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450052)  
With the arrival of the Holocene warm period,the warm and humid climatic appeared in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River,which provided an unprecedented advantage for agricultural production.Although the dry farming was the main agricultural form in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River,with the millet agricultural development,the rice farming was also breeding place.From Peiligang culture period seven or eight thousand years ago to the Xia and Shang Dynasty,although,the meantime climatic conditions took place fluctuation,the development of the rice cultivation was undulate,but basically,the rice farming kept developing windingly.Actually,there was a area with the dry farming and the rice cultivation in the Holocene Megathermal,which scope fluctuated with the climatic change and spread between the Huang-Huai.That was inseparable to the geographic environments of the Yellow River region which located in the north-south ecological transition area,and was also an important manifestation of the cultural exchanges between the North and the South.The early rice agriculture from the Peiligang culture period to the Xia and the Shang Dynasty experienced a process from generation to development,which had a profound impact on the development of the ancient agriculture and the social development in the Yellow Rivers,also illustrated the effect and function that the climatic change had on the agricultural and the social development.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金重点项目(10AZS005)
【CateGory Index】: S-09
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