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《China Population Resources and Environment》 2009-01
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Recent Progress of Research in Rural Transformation Development and Its Trends in China

WEN Qi1,2(1.College of Tourism and Environmental Science,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi'an Shaanxi 710062,China;2.Department of Resource and Urban Science, Xianyang Normal College,Xianyang Shaanxi 712000,China;)  
Rural transformation development has not only promoted the rural industrial structure,employment structure and consumption pattern,but also influenced harmonious development between urban and rural areas.This paper systematically reviews the process of rural transformation development in China from 1949 to 2008.It also summarizes the characteristics and research matters during various stages, and discusses the research problems of rural transformation development in China.China's rural development has experienced three stages,which are transformation of political system,change of economic structure,evolution of development ideas under various economic environments.As the internal and external factors of rural development has changed at each stage,the main research matters of rural development has changed at the same stage.In light of many problems that the rural development faces during this transitional period,the following research areas in rural research should be emphasized: ①macro-strategy,theory and methods of rural development;②farmland protection,compensation for possessing of cultivated land and food security;③ rural industrialization,landscape type change from rural to urban areas,urban-rural integrated development,and rural functional regionalization;④ modern agricultural development,adjustment of rural industrial structure,the cultivation of featured and advantageous agriculture;⑤mechanism and mode of new countryside construction.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635029);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40661014);; 陕西省教育厅科学研究计划项目(08JK187)
【CateGory Index】: F320
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