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Rationality Assessment of Chinese Urban Scale Structure Pattern

WANG Zhen-bo;XU Xiao-li;ZHANG Qiang;Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS;Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,CAS;China Land Surveying and Planning Institute,Ministry of Land and Resources;  
The content of urban scale structure shall extend to contain the urban external system structure and the urban internal scale,the rationality of which is directly related to the functioning of urban system and urban competitiveness. The assessment model on rationality of Chinese urban scale pattern structure is constructed based on the integrated consideration of urban scale system structure in the regional context and the scale efficiency of a single city to assess the rationality of the scale structure pattern for Chinese cities above the county level. The result shows,the national urban scale hierarchy system is sound with the relatively rational "pyramid pattern"of scale structure featured by ‘middle-scale larger'and ‘low-scale slightly smaller',of which the western region is better than that of the eastern and central regions. The national urban scale system structure is basically rational with the proportion of provinces of medium level of rationality amounting to 90. 32%. The overall urban scale efficiency is rational with the proportion of cities of medium level of rationality amounting to 77. 17%. It's finally concluded that the national urban scale structure is basically rational with the proportion of cities of medium level of rationality amounting to 85. 54%. The proportion of cities of high level of rationality amounts to 18. 57%,most of which are distributed in the the southern region,the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River,the middle-south of northeastern region and the eastern region of Xinjiang. The proportion of cities of relatively high level of rationality amounts to 55. 56%. The cities are mainly distributed in Sichuan and Chongqing,the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Delta region,the Pearl River Delta region,the Central Plain region,and in the region covering three northeastern provinces,in the southwestern area and in the areas along the Euro-asian Continental Bridge. The proportion of cities of medium level of rationality amounts to 34. 55% with the "large-scale dispersion and small-scale agglomeration"pattern,mainly distributed in the areas along the Pearl River Delta region,middle-eastern region,lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the southern part of Xinjiang Province. The proportion of cities of low-level rationality amounts to 12. 48%,mainly distributed in Anhui,Inner Mongolia,the surrounding regions of Shandong Peninsula region and Yangtze River Delta. The proportion of cities of irrational structure is 9. 13% with the prominent feature of agglomeration,mainly distributed in Anhui,Qinghai and Tibet.
【Fund】: 国土资源部公益性行业科研专项经费项目“新型城镇化的区域国土空间利用质量提升技术”(编号:201411014)
【CateGory Index】: F299.2
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