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《China Population,Resources and Environment》 2015-S1
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Developments of Arctic Passage Resources Under Global Climate Change

LIU Da-hai;MA Yun-rui;WANG Chun-juan;XING Wen-xiu;XU Meng;First Institute of Oceanography;College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography,Ocean University of China;School of Economics,Ocean University of China;  
Firstly,the history and status of Arctic passage were summed up based on the literatures. Then,several environmental reasons( mainly includes global warming,the change of Arctic atmosphere circulation and the stronger wind,and ice sheet changing)which impact on Arctic passage were analyzed from the perspective of global climate changes. On this basis,three"new normal"of developments of Arctic passage resources were analyzed and predicted under global climate change,such as"the shift of world's politics and economic center,and the rise of countries around the Arctic Ocean","the shift of politics around the Arctic Ocean,and new Arctic international relations are settled down","the usage of Arctic passage resources become normal and professional Arctic passage trades,ships,and workers are become new characters". Finally,Chinese strategies were proposed for the "new normal"of developments of Arctic passage resources through comprehensive analysis.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(编号:41206056);; 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所基本科研业务费项目(编号:GY0213G22);; 海洋经济基础研究(编号:QT1814001);; 南北极环境综合考查与评估专项(编号:CHINARE2015-01-02 CHINARE 2015-04-01-03 CHINARE 2015–03–02 CHINARE 2015–04–03)
【CateGory Index】: U697
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