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《Chinese Journal of Rice Science》 1992-04
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Genetical Effect of Different Cytoplasms on Rice Cooking, Milling and Nutrient Qualities in Indica Type Hybrid Rice

YI Xiaoping;CHEN Fangyuan Guangxi Agricultural Collega, Nanning 530005  
The rice quality characteristics were studied by variance analysis with 14 combinations from 7 homonucleus-alloplasmic lines crossed with two restorer by 7×2 partial dialled cross design. The results indicated as follows: 1) The effect of cytoplasms was not significantly different in alkali spreading value but significantly different in fat content and protein content and highly significantly different in gel consisten- cy, amylose content, brown rice rate. 2) The effect of nucleus was not significantly differ- ent in alkali spreading value and gel consistency, but significantly different in brown rice rate and highly significantly different in fat content, protein content, amylose content. 3) The effect of nucleus-cytoplasm interaction was not significantly different in alkali spreading value and fat content but highly significantly different in gel consistency, brown rice rate, amylose content, protein content. Most of male sterility cytoplasm showed positive effect or the same one as fertile cytoplasm and a few of male sterility cytoplasm showed negative. It suggested that some quality characteristics of rice were controlled by nucleic gene, cytoplasmic gene and nucleus-cytoplasmic gene interaction but nucleic gene was prominent.
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