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《Chinese Journal of Rice Science》 2014-06
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Difference in Yield and Its Components Characteristics of Different Type Rice Cultivars in the Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River

JIANG Yuan-hua;ZHANG Hong-cheng;ZHAO Ke;XU Jun-wei;WEI Huan-he;LONG Hou-yuan;WANG Wen-ting;DAI Qi-geng;HUO Zhong-yang;XU Ke;WEI Hai-yan;GUO Bao-wei;Innovation Center of Rice Cultivation Technology in the Yangtze Valley/Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province,Yangzhou University;  
With 20 representative rice cultivars belonging to four types as materials,a field experiment was conducted to reveal the difference in yield and its components in the rice-wheat cropping areas(Yangzhou,Changshu)in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River in 2012-2013.Grain yield and its components,stems and tillers and panicle traits and grain-filling were analyzed systematically.Result show that,1)under the high yielding cultivation conditions,rice grain yield followed a decline trend of indica-japonica hybrid rice(IJHR)japonica hybrid rice(JHR)traditional japonica rice(TJR)indica hybrid rice(IHR)in different sites and years.The average yield of IJHR in both years in Yangzhou was 12499.4kg·hm-2,4.82%,11.94% and 19.68% higher than those of JHR,TJR and IHR.2)The contribution of yield components to yield was total spikelet numberseed-setting rate1000-grain weight,and the contribution to total spikelet number was grain number per paniclenumber of effective panicles.It illustrated that big panicle remained the main way for high yield of rice.3)The number of stems and tillers at jointing stage was TJRIHRJHRIJHR,the contribution rates of stems and primary tillers were IJHRIHRTJRJHR,while the contribution rate of the secondary tillers was JHRTJRIHRIJHR,the composition of stems and tillers at waxy stage was the same as that at jointing stage;percentage of effective tillers of TJR(75.76%)ranked first,followed by JHR(72.87%),IJHR(66.80%)and IHR(63.24%).4)Panicle length followed a trend of IHRIJHRJHRTJR;grain density,single panicle weight were IJHRJHRIHRTJR;grain number on the primary rachis branch was JHRIJHRTJRIHR,while number of branches and total grain number on the primary rachis branch were IJHRJHRTJRIHR,the trend of the contribution rate of grain number on the primary rachis branch to grain number per panicle from high to low was TJR(41.00%),JHR(35.50%),IJHR(31.83%),IHR(27.92%);grain number on the secondary rachis branch was IHRIJHRTJRJHR,while number of branches and total grain number on the secondary rachis branch were IJHRJHRIHRTJR,the trend of the contribution rate of grain number on the secondary rachis branch to grain number per panicle from high to low was IHR(72.80%),IJHR(68.17%),JHR(64.50%),TJR(59.00%).5)The final grain weight was TJRJHRIHRIJHR,maximum grain-filling rate was IHRTJRJHRIJHR,the time reaching the maximum grain-filling rate was JHRTJRIJHRIHR,mean grain-filling rate was IHRTJRJHRIJHR,effective grain-filling time was JHRIJHRTJRIHR;For grain-filling characteristics during different stages,grain-filling amount of gradual growth stage,fast growth stage and slow growth stage were TJRJHRIHRIJHR;grain-filling time of gradual growth stage was JHRTJRIJHRIHR,grain-filling time of fast growth stage and slow growth stage were JHRIJHRTJRIHR;mean grain-filling rate of gradual growth stage was IHRTJRIJHRJHR,grain-filling rate of fast growth stage and slow growth stage were IHRTJRJHRIJHR.Compared with JHR,TJR and IHR,IJHR had obvious advantages in productivity with big panicle as the basis.
【Fund】: 国家“十二五”科技支撑计划重大项目(2011BAD16B03);; 国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201303102);; 农业部超级稻专项(02318802013231);; 宁波市重大科技项目(宁波市重大科技项目(2013C11001)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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