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《Journal of Desert Research》 2002-06
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Effect of Soil Microbiotic Crust on Seed Germination and Emergence of Two Annual Herb Species: Bassia dasyphlla and Eragrostics poaeoides

LONG Li\|qun, LI Xin\|rong (Shapotou Desert Research and Experiment Station, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental & Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China)  
Experiments on seed germination and seedling emergence of two annual plants in microbiotic crusts and sand (as for contrast) were conducted in greenhouse. The experiment was arranged in four treatments: soil in moist and dry situations; crusts (moss and algae) in intact and disturbed situations. Overall, \%Bassia dasyphlla\% seedlings emerged better in intact moss crust and two disturbed microbiotic crusts, but intact algae crust acted as the physical barrier to \%Bassia dasyphylla\% seedling emergence by preventing its root from contacting soil. The small\|seed specie, \%Eragrostics poaeoides\%, can overcome this barrier by having a greater soil contact area compared with larger seeds and having special structure such as fibre that penetrate intact algae crust into the soil. The emergence of \%Eragrostics poaeoides\% was reduced in disturbed microbiotic crusts. Moisture had a significant effect only on the emergence of \%Bassia dasyphylla\% seedlings, which emerged better in the moist treatment than in the dry. Hence, it is likely that variation in rainfall causes yearly differences in seedling emergence of the two species and affects their distribution on different habitats.
【Fund】: 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所创新项目 ( 2 10 0 94 ;2 10 0 4 8);; 中国科学院沙坡头沙漠试验研究站开放基金 ( 2 10 0 2 5)资助
【CateGory Index】: S157.433
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