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《Chinese Veterinary Science》 2015-01
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Study on distribution characteristics of Enterococcus from giant pandas

HAO Zhong-xiang;LIAO Hong;LIU Dan;GUO Ling;YANG Shao-lin;LIU Jie;ZHAO Shan;HOU Rong;QI Dun-wu;LAN Jing-chao;YAN Qi-gui;College of Veterinary Medicine,Sichuan Agricultural University;Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Base;  
VITEK 2-COMPACT MS,16 SrDNA method and the colony morphology were applied to identify the Enterococcusfrom giant pandas in wild,running wild and captive habitats.A total of 381 strains which belong to 11 species were identified and isolated from fecal samples of giant pandas.Enterococcus distribution characteristics were as follows:10species of enterococcus were isolated from wild panda samples,a total of 103 strains,accounting for 27.03%;8species of enterococcus were isolated from captive panda samples,a total of 149 strains,accounting for 39.11%;6species of enterococcus were isolated from giant panda samples before being returned to wild,after being returned to wild increased to 9,a total of 129strains(33.86%).E.faecalis,E.hirae,E.durans and E.faecium were the predominant species in the captive giant pandas and the running wild giant pandas.E.faecalis,E.gallinarum,E.aviumand E.raffinosus were the predominant species in the wild giant pandas.The species of Enterococcus in the running wild giant pandas were between the wild and the captive giant pandas.After return to wild,the Enterococcus species were increased,and the proportion of Enterococcus was more balanced in all Enterococcus species,which is good for giant pandas quickly adapting to the wild living environment.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)前期研究专项(2012CB722207);; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC01B06)
【CateGory Index】: S852.611
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