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《Journal of Image and Graphics》 2002-07
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An Automatic Target Recognition Method in SAR Imagery Using Peak Feature Matching

ZHANG Cui, LI Su-dan, ZOU Tao, WANG Zheng-zhi (Department of Automatic Control, NUDT, ChangSha 410073)  
Automatic target recognition(ART) using Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) imagery is investigated in this paper. The feature extraction problem of SAR imagery is first analyzed, then a matching scheme that incorporates relative distance and magnitude between features is investigated. Following the Birkhoff-von Neumann theorem, we relax the match matrix constraints from permutation matrix constraints to doubly stochastic matrix constraints. Via Lagrange multipliers and a barrier function, the constraints are incorporated into the objective function, and the matching problem is posed as a nonlinear optimization problem. Using a combination of deterministic annealing and softassign, the objective function describing the matching problem is minimized. Recognition is performed by comparing the costs of the matches between the test image and deferent pattens. To account for the difference in the number of features, the computed costs are first caled by the ratio of the number of features between the two images. The test costs image belongs to the class of the pattern with the smallest acaled matching cost. Experimental results show the power of this approach in SAR target recognition.
【Key Words】: SAR imagery Automatic target recognition Deterministic annealing Softassign
【CateGory Index】: TN957.53
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【References】
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