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《Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture》 2008-05
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Biogeochemical circulation and management countermeasures of N and P in coastal wetlands of southern Laizhou Bay

ZHANG Xu-Liang1,GU Dong-Qi2,FENG Ai-Ping2,SUI Yu-Zhu3(1.Department of Geography,Teachers College,Qingdao University,Qingdao 266071,China;2.First Institute of Oceangraphy,State Oceanic Administration,Qingdao 266061,China;3.Department of Environmental Sciences,Qingdao University,Qingdao 266071,China)  
In biogeochemical circulation in coastal wetlands of southern Laizhou Bay,the main sources of N and P are industrial and municipal domestic wastewater,surface runoff and superfluous irrigation water from farmlands as well as fishery wastewater.N and P are transported into subtidal wetlands through intertidal and supratidal wetlands,which lead to concentrations of inorganic N and P of seawater rise in subtidal wetlands.This study shows that N and P load in coastal wetlands of southern Laizhou Bay are 46 271.1 tons and 2 092.1 tons in of 2000.Through analysis of the processes of biogeochemical circulation in the coastal wetlands of southern Laizhou Bay,it is discovered that natural coastal wetlands absorb and decompose N and P.Observed concentrations of inorganic N and P in seawater of subtidal wetlands for the year of 2000 are respectively 0.086 mg·L-1 and 0.029 mg·L-1,while theoretical concentrations are 6.74 mg·L-1 and 0.299 mg·L-1 without regard to N and P absorption by intertidal and supratidal wetlands respectively,78.4 and 10.3 times of observed concentrations,indicating obvious absorbing and purifying effect of natural wetland on input N and P.To decrease the concentration of N and P in the seawaters of southern Laizhou Bay,we need to develope circular economy,decrease the amount of N and P load in coastal wetlands,protect and restore natural wetlands,construct artificial wetlands and enhance purifye functions.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40606013)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q14
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