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《China Sport Science and Technology》 2015-03
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Research on Some Characteristics of Junior Swimming Basic Training in China

RONG Bo;Central South University of Forestry and Technology;  
Objective:The analysis of current junior swimming basic training in China reveals the reasons for a number of new features of our elite swimming athletes in the international competition.Methods:this paper mainly adopts questionnaire investigation,testing and mathematical statistics to analyze junior athletes' basic training.Results:Our men's short distance athletes age in active service and for the first time to participate in international competition age significantly less than the United States and Australia,performance keep time,play times that there was no significant difference compared with the two countries,our man's long distance athletes age still in active service in China should be less than the total level of the United States and Australia,but in the early training age than aggregate level between the two countries,there is no significant difference between other important indicators;Women's short time base training athletes significantly less,but remain fixed number of year,and the race times better than the other two countries,women's long distance each entry and there was no significant difference between the two countries combined;Most coaches on the best competitive state age and grade the fastest growing age relatively objective,in line with the youth physical development objective law,they can be familiar with the use of outline,adhere to the outline in the foundation position in the amateur training;Our men and women the age group athletes performance changes and adolescent athletes body shape,function,more accord with physical changes,movement can achieve the secondary standard,had not reached the level of standards,in accordance with the swimming age group swimming performance criteria of teaching syllabus,men and women athletes age and performance in accordance with degree,less a higher score.Conclusion:In recent years,our country excellent swimming athletes in the international competition sports life and performance frequency presents new characteristics,reverse the early retirement;Solid young basic training work is the key to gain success;The coach cognitive relatively objective regularity in training,to perform the teaching training outline relative system,but at the same time should pay attention to the management system brings some negative phenomenon;Suggestions actively learn the advanced experience from swimming power countries,use of network information resources,strengthen the humanistic care and Shaping social ability of young athletes;Focus on injury prevention,make the function training system related concept integrated into the training,improve the quality of training,and lay solid foundation.
【CateGory Index】: G861.1
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