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《中国物理B》 2013-01
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Three-axis magnetic flux leakage in-line inspection simulation based on finite-element analysis

Feng Jian , Zhang Jun-Feng, Lu Sen-Xiang, Wang Hong-Yang, and Ma Rui-Ze School of Information Science & Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China  
With the increase of pipelines, corrosion leakage accidents happen frequently. Therefore, nondestructive testing technology is important for ensuring the safe operation of the pipelines and energy mining. In this paper, the structure and principle of magnetic flux leakage (MFL) in-line inspection system is introduced first. Besides, a mathematic model of the system according to the ampere circuit rule, flux continuity theorem, and column coordinate transform is built, and the magnetic flux density in every point of space is calculated based on the theory of finite element analysis. Then we analyze and design the disposition of measurement section probes and sensors combining both three-axis MFL in-line inspection and multi-sensor fusion technology. Its advantage is that the three-axis changes of magnetic flux leakage field are measured by the multi-probes at the same time, so we can determine various defects accurately. Finally, the theory of finite element analysis is used to build a finite element simulation model, and the relationship between defects and MFL inspection signals is studied. Simulation and experiment results verify that the method not only enhances the detection ability to different types of defects but also improves the precision and reliability of the inspection system.
【Fund】: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61273164 and 61034005);; the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2012AA040104);; the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities China (Grant No. N100104102)
【CateGory Index】: TP274
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