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《中国物理B》 2019-10
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Exact solutions of a(2+1)-dimensional extended shallow water wave equation

Feng Yuan;Jing-Song He;Yi Cheng;School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China;Institute for Advanced Study, Shenzhen University;  
We give the bilinear form and n-soliton solutions of a(2+1)-dimensional [(2+1)-D] extended shallow water wave(eSWW) equation associated with two functions v and r by using Hirota bilinear method. We provide solitons, breathers,and hybrid solutions of them. Four cases of a crucial φ(y), which is an arbitrary real continuous function appeared in f of bilinear form, are selected by using Jacobi elliptic functions, which yield a periodic solution and three kinds of doubly localized dormion-type solution. The first order Jacobi-type solution travels parallelly along the x axis with the velocity(3k_1~2+ α, 0) on(x, y)-plane. If φ(y) = sn(y, 3/10), it is a periodic solution. If φ(y) = cn(y, 1), it is a dormion-type-Ⅰ solutions which has a maximum(3/4)k_1p_1 and a minimum-(3/4)k_1p_1. The width of the contour line is ln■. If φ(y) = sn(y, 1), we get a dormion-type-Ⅱ solution(26) which has only one extreme value-(3/2)k_1p_1. The width of the contour line is ln■. If φ(y) = sn(y, 1/2)/(1 + y~2), we get a dormion-type-Ⅲ solution(21) which shows very strong doubly localized feature on(x, y) plane. Moreover, several interesting patterns of the mixture of periodic and localized solutions are also given in graphic way.
【Fund】: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant Nos.11671219 and 11871446)
【CateGory Index】: O175
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