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《China Cucurbits and Vegetables》 2008-03
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Relationship between genetic distance based on quantative traits and heterosis in melon

FENG jian1, LIU tong-guang1, DAI zu-yun2, ZHAO hui2, CHEN yun-dong1, DENG huan1, ZHU mao-fen1 (1. School of Horticulture, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, Anhui, 230036, China; 2. Hefei Jianghuai Horticulture Institute,Hefei, Anhui, 230038, China)  
Twelve inbred melon lines were divided into two groups and 36 hybrids were made by NC-Ⅱ. Principle components analysis of 15 quantitative characters were conducted using the 12 inbred lines and 36 hybrids. The seven biggest eigenvalues were chosen and their percentage of accumulative variance was 86.27%. Among the traits tested,central soluble sugars,flesh thickness,soluble solids content,dry matter should be selected first. Then skin toughness,protein and fruit development stage should be chosen second,and finally organic acid. Genetic distance was calculated by using 15 parent’s quantitative characters. Using genetic distance as independent variable and heterosis as depend variable,we carried out regressing analyses. The results showed that there were significant linear relationship between the heterosis of fruit weight and free amino acid and genetic distance,and regression equation were Y=118.8425-39.5625X and Y=-15.1048+9.7646X,respectively. The linear relationship between flesh thickness heterosis and genetic distance was not found in this study,but well fitted Density model was detected with regression Y=(1.0000+0.1000X)^(-1/1.000).
【CateGory Index】: S652
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