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《ACTA TABACARIA SINICA》 1997-01
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The Evaluation of the Chemical Elements and Some Organic Components in Flue—Cured Leaf Tobacco from the Main Tobacco Production Provinces of China

Hu Guosong; Zhao Yuankuan; Cao Zhihong; Zhao Xing;Zhao Zhenshan; Chen Jianhua; Zhang Xin; Zhou Xiuru; Li Zhonglin(Institue of Soil Science, Acdemia Sinica, China National Tobacco Corporation)  
The contents of N,P,K,Ca,Mg, S, Cl, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, B, Mo, Na, Al, Cd,nicotine and reducing sugar in flue - cured tobacco samples collected from Yunnan,Guizhou,Henan, Shandong, Anhui and Liaoning Provinces in 1993 and 1994 were analyzed and the results showed that P, Mg, S, Cu, Zn, B, nicotine and reducing sugar of most samples from all the provinces were in normal range. The average N content of tobacco leaves of China was 1. 688%, and those from North China were less than those from South China, which indicated that the N dosage in South China was not so properly used as North China. The average K content was 1. 81%, much higher than that in 60s and 70s. The K contents from South China, usually greater than 2. 0%, were higher than those from North China, usually about 1. 5%. The average Ca content was 3. 45%, and greater than average K content. Some tobacco leaves might be in deficiency of Mg because of low available Mg content in the soil of South China or Ca-Mg unbalance in the calcareous soil of North China. More than 20% tobacco leaves contained S more than 0. 8%, the critical content permitted for highest S content. As a whole Cl contents of more than 98% tobacco 1eaves were less than 1%, most of sarnples contained Cl less than 0. 5% some of them were even less than 0.1 %, but about 1 % samples contained Cl more than 1. 5%. There was little possibility of Fe deficiency in fluecured tobacco of China. Mn contents of tobacco leaves were low as a whole, but higher than the critial concentration. Cu contents of about 50% samples from Guizhou, Yunnan and Anhui Provinces, and some from the other provinces were less ahtn 15mg/kg,and so maybe the application of Cu fertilizer is necessary in China. Some samples from Henan Province contained n which could not be detected out, and Zn application is absolutely necessary in those soil. About half of the samples from Guizhou Provinces contain B less than 15mg/kg, and in such soil B fertilization is needed. Samples from Henan Province contained nicotine, 2. 54%, and reducing sugar, 17. 64%, very close to the best values of USA standard. Some Yunnan and Guizhou samples contained nicotine more than 5% and 6%, which were tnuch more than quality tobacco leaves needed.
【CateGory Index】: TS47
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