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《Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography》 2006-07
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Diagnosis of peripheral nerve lesions by high frequency ultrasonography

CHEN Ding-zhang~*,ZHOU Xiao-dong,ZHU Yong-sheng,CONG Rui, LI Jun,ZHANG Qi,LIU Xiao-qin.~*Department of Ultrasound,Xijing Hospital,Fourth Military Medical University,Xi′an 710032,China  
Objective To evaluate the application of high frequency ultrasonography in diagnosis of peripheral nerve lesions and trauma.Methods Fifteen healthy volunteers,12 patients with peripheral nerve trauma and 6 patients with peripheral nerve neoplasm were examined before operation with high frequency ultrasonography and compared with the outcome of operation.Results The peripheral nerve appeared as tubular echogenic structure with parallel linear echoes on long axis views,and as a round echogenic structure with punctiform echoes on transverse views.Nerves were damaged completely in 2 cases which were depicted with interrupture of nerve continuity and proximal traumatic neuroma,and nerves were damaged partly with partial interrupture in 7 cases.Nerve compressions with low inner echo and intensive outer layer echo were seen in 3 patients.Peripheral nerve neoplasm were visualized as masses connected with nerves in 6 patients.Conclusions High frequency ultrasonography should be of choice in noninvasive diagnosis of peripheral nerve lesions and is worth to be used widely in clinic practice.
【Fund】: 西京医院临床高新技术资助项目(XJGX0511M09)
【CateGory Index】: R445.1
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