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《Chinese Journal of Otology》 2009-02
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Utility of distortion product otoacoustic emissions in hearing assessment for infants and young children with cleft lip and palate

WANG Hong-nan1,WU Wei1,MA Lian2,WANG Pei-lin1,HAN Hao-lun1,LI Bao-wei1,QU Chang-bei1,DING Rui-ying1,CHEN Lei1,BO Shao-jun1 1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery,The 306 Hospital of PLA,Beijing 100101 2 Treatment Center for Cleft Lip and Palate,Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology,Beijing 100081  
Objective To compare distortion product otoacoustic emission(DPOAE) with auditory brainstem responses(ABR) in infants and young children with cleft lip and palate to investigate potential utility of DPOAE in hearing assessment in such patients.Methods DPOAEs were tested in 63 2-42 months(mean 11.83 months) old infants and young children(126 ears) with cleft lip and palate,.Of these patients,23 had simple cleft palate(46 ears,Group A),30 had combined cleft lip and palate(60 ears,Group B),and 10 had simple cleft lip(20 ears,Group C).The(f1× f2)1/2 was defined as the DPOAE test frequencies and 8 such frequencies were tested.Presence of DPOAEs at 3 or more test frequencies between 2 ~ 5 kHz was considered a pass of the test.ABRs were also tested in some patients(34 ears from Group A,20 ears from Group B and 12 ears from Group C).Results DPOAE pass rate was 15.22%,in Group A,10.00% in Group B and 90% in Group C,respectively.The difference in DPOAE pass rate and ABR threshold were statistically significant between groups A and C,and between groups B and C,but not so between groups A and B.When compared to the rate of normal ABRs,the DPOAE pass rate showed no statistically significant difference in groups A and B(P 0.05),but was different from the normal ABR rate in group C(P 0.05).However,the general trends were comparable between the two rates.Conclusion Compared with ABRs,DPOAEs are a relatively easy and rapid test,with consistent results.The comparable results between DPOAE and ABR tests suggest that DPOAEs can be a useful method for hearing assessment in young patients with cleft lip and palate.However,to further classify and quantify hearing impairment,other hearing tests should also be considered.
【CateGory Index】: R764;R782
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