Operative treatment of lumbar disc herniation with microendoscopic discectomy
WANG Huan, WANG Haiyi, AN Chunhou. Department of Orthopaedics,the Second Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang 110003, China
Objective To study the technical details, clinical results and complication of microendoscopic discectomy (MED) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Methods Ninety cases of lumbar disc herniation were operated upon with MED, and followed up for 24-32 months. Under direct endoscopic manipulation, semi circular excision of the inferior part of lamina, removal of the lateral part of the ligamentum flavum and the medial part of the facet were performed. The annulus fibrosus was circularly excised and the nucleus pulposus was removed. Results After operation, the patients could walk in 1.9 days, resumed their daily activities in (2.4±1.9) weeks and went back to work in (4.3±3.8) weeks. The rate of improvement was 83.1%. Several technical problems could happen in the beginning of using MED, including wrong identification of the vertebral level, difficulty to enter into the spinal canal and to control the bleeding, as well as injury of nerve root, dura mater and facet joint. Conclusion The advantages of MED are removal of the annulus fibrosus, the calcified ligamentum flavum and osteophyte under direct vision. However, sometimes it is difficult to fix the tip of microendoscopic tube on the surface of the lamina. Improvement is needed for the instrument design in order to increase the safety and easier manipulation.
【CateGory Index】： R681.53