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《Chinese Journal of Nautical Medicine》 2004-02
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Psychological medical support to sailors during prolonged navigation

LIU Wen,YAN Qing,WANG Sheng-long,et al.No.401Hospital,CPLA,Qingdao266071,China  
Objective To explore methods of providing psychological medical support to sailors undergoing a prolonged navigation.Methods the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI)and Symptom Checklist90(SCL-90)tests were given to sailors before deployment,and psychological profiles were established;Psychological care training was given to the shipboard medical staff;Psychological intervention was offered to those sailors,who exhibited symptoms;Psychological consultation was given to sailors by medical professionals during the prolonged navigation and dynamic SCL-90testing was also made in the process.Results For sailors who exhibited relatively severe symptoms before deployment,significant decline(P0.001)could be seen in the mean factor score and positive mean score for SCL-90,after they were intervened psychologically.During deployment,various patterns of factors and positive mean scores generally show a“bi-polar”trend,indicating an early arrival and lengthening of optimal navigational period.Conclusions Early psychological survey and intervention implemented by psychological specialists and medical staff onboard,with special emphasis on the solution of those psychological problems that arose pre and post deployment,will be of great help in enhancing the sailors' psychological endurance.
【CateGory Index】: R83
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