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The effect of nurse initiated patient/family education strategy on people with schizophrenia in Beijing

LI Zheng,David Arthur,WANG Zhiying,et alSchool of Nursing, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100041  
Objective In the light of the prevalence of schizophrenia in China, this study aimed to develop an innovative patient/ family education package and test its effectiveness within a group of people with schizophrenia and their families. Methods One hundred and one patients and their families participated in the study and were assigned to the experimental group (46 patients and families) and control group (55 patients and families). The patients and families in the experimental group received individual education from nurses in the hospital and after discharge. Results Patient’s symptoms were alleviated significantly, social function improved significantly and relapse rates were reduced significantly during the follow-up of nine months. The families' knowledge about schizophrenia and their relatives' treatment were improved significantly. Although the patients in the experimental group had better medication compliance, compared with the control group, no significant difference was found. Expressed emotion (EE) was measured by means of a brief interview. High EE was not confirmed as a predictor of relapse of patients in this study. Conclusion It was found that patient/family education had a positive impact.
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