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《Chinese Journal of Stomatology》 2003-04
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Study of relationship between powder-size gradation and mechanical properties of Zirconia toughened glass infiltrated nanometer-ceramic composite powder

CHAI Feng *, XU Ling, LIAO Yun mao, CHAO Yong lie *Department of Prosthodontics,College of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi′an 710032,China  
Objective The fabrication of all ceramic dental restorations is challenged by ceramics′ relatively low flexural strength and intrinsic poor resistance to fracture This paper aimed at investigating the relationships between powder size gradation and mechanical properties of Zirconia toughened glass infiltrated nanometer ceramic composite (Al 2O 3 nZrO 2) Methods Al 2O 3 nZrO 2 ceramics powder (W) was processed by combination methods of chemical co precipitation and ball milling with addition of different powder sized ZrO 2 Field emission scanning electron microscopy was used to determine the particle size distribution and characterize the particle morphology of powders The matrix compacts were made by slip casting technique and sintered to 1 450℃ and flexural strength and the fracture toughness of them were measured Results 1 The particle distribution of Al 2O 3 nZrO 2 ceramics powder ranges from 0 02~3 5μm and among them the superfine particles almost accounted for 20% 2 The ceramic matrix samples with addition of nZrO 2 (W) showed much higher flexural strength (115 434±5 319)MPa and fracture toughness (2 04±0 10)MPa m 1/2 than those of pure Al 2O 3 ceramics (62 763±7 220 MPa ;1 16±0 02 MPa m 1/2 ) Conclusions The particle size of additive ZrO 2 may impose influences on mechanical properties of Al 2O 3 nZrO 2 ceramics matrix Good homogeneity and reasonable powder size gradation of ceramic powder can improve the mechanical properties of material
【Fund】: 国家教育部博士点基金资助项目( 984 5)
【CateGory Index】: R783.1
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