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《Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation》 2005-07
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A study of heating effects of therapeutic sand on skin as used in the Uyghur medicine

Dilina Mahemuty *, WEI Rong, Xinkarenko Liubov Nikulaevna, ZHANG Xue-xue. *Department of Mechanical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830008, China  
Objective To study the heating effect on skin of the therapeutic sand used in the Uyghur medicine. Methods We have continuously collected data of the dynamically changing surface body temperature during the course of sand therapy. Having applied the surface skin response equations, we calculated the situational effects on surface skin tissue by examining different temperature fields and time segments. All the data was collected by a 2 700 type multichannel data collection apparatus. Results It was found that, in the period of mid June to mid August every year, the air temperature of the sand therapy facility was 40±2.3℃ at the time 15∶00 to 18∶00 in the afternoon and the sand used as a medicinal poultice could be maintained at the temperature of 38±4.6℃ at the depth of 20 cm from the surface of the sand. During the process of sand therapy, the skin surface temperature rises rapidly, up to 39℃,but the skin surface temperature falls subsequently, as the heat stimulates perspiration and the cooling effect of evaporation takes place to 36±0.32℃. Two to three hours later, the surface skin temperature gets stable and maintained at 36±0.6℃. Conclusion When the sand temperature reached 43℃, it could not hurt the skin and tissue, because the body temperature could balance with sand temperature at an ideal temperature for the skin. The ideal time for sand therapy is during the period from June and August, at 15∶00~18∶00 every day. When the air temperature reaches 40±2.3℃, the sand temperature will be below 38±4.6℃. Under these conditions the human body should be buried under the sand at the depth of 20 cm for a period of one half to one hour to achieve therapeutic effects.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.30360126)
【CateGory Index】: R29
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