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《Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism》 2001-04
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A comparative epidemiologic survey of hyperthyroidism in areas with different iodine intake

YANG Fan *,TENG Weiping,SHAN Zhongyan,et al.Department of Endocrinology, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University,Shenyang 110001  
Objective To investigate the epidemiology of hyperthyroidism in three rural communities with different iodine intake after universal salt iodization (USI) since 1996 as well as the influence of USI on the incidence of hyperthyroidism. Methods Inhabitants in Panshan community did not take iodized salt whereas inhabitants in Zhangwu and Huanghua communities have taken iodized salt since 1996. The thyroid function, thyroid autoantibodies, urinary iodine concentration and thyroid B ultrasound were performed in 1103, 1584 and 1074 subjects respectively in the three communities and the number of hyperthyroidism patients between 1991 and 1999 was collected to calculate the yearly average incidence of hyperthyroidism. Results The median urinary iodine concentrations in Panshan, Zhangwu and Huanghua were 103 μg/L, 375 μg/L and 615 μg/L, respectively (P0.05). Theprevalenceofactivehyperthyroidism was 1.6%, 2.0% and 1.2% (P0.05) andtheprevalenceofsubclinicalhyperthyroidism was 3.7%, 3.9% and 1.1%, respectively. Comparing the yearly average incidence of hyperthyroidism of 1996~1999 with that of 1991~1995, a significant increased incidence in Panshan, while a slight but insignificant elevated one in Zhangwu and a fixed one in Huanghua were found. Conclusion USI can not result in a raise of the prevalence of active hyperthyroidism as well as subclinical hyperthyroidism. The increase of iodine intake is not the only explanation for the raising of the incidence of hyperthyroidism.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 ( 39970 35 0 );; 美国中华医学基金会资助项目 ( 98 6 88IITD)
【CateGory Index】: R581.1
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