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《Chinese Journal of Dermatology》 2002-03
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Epidemiological Situation of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in China:from 1991 to 2001

GONGXi-angdong,YEShunzhang,ZHANGJunyan,ZHANGGuocheng,SHAOChanggeng,LIANGGuojun,JIANGWen-hua,XIAQiang,WANGQuanpei.InstituteofDermatology,ChineseAcademyofMedicalSciences&PekingUnionMedicalCollege,Nanjing210042,China  
ObjectiveTounderstandthetrendsandepidemiologicalcharacteristicsofsexuallytransmitteddiseases(STDs)inChinaandprovidescientificbasisformakingcontrolstrategies.MethodsDuringtheperiodof1991~2001,thecase-reportingdataof8kindsofnotifiableandmonitoringSTDs,collectedfrom31provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalities,wereanalyzedwithepidemiologicalmethods.Results①Epidemictrends:Duringthisperiod,theincidenceof8kindsofSTDssteadilyincreasedfrom175528(15.48per100000population)in1991to859040(68.91per100000population)in2000.Theaverageannualgrowthofincidencewas19.30%,witharangeof2.59%~36.88%.However,thereportedcasesin2001were795612withadecreaseof7.38%comparedwiththosein2000,anditwasthefirstdecreasesinceSTDcaseswerereportedfrom1987.②Geographicaldistribution:Thehigh-incidenceareasweretheZhujiangRiverDelta,YangtzeRiverDelta,MinjiangRiverValley,NortheasternChina,andBeijing,Tianjin,andChongqingManicipalities,withtheincidencerateofover70~100casesper100000populationafter1997,andtherewereveryhighratesofincidenceover1000casesper100000populationinsomeareas.Thelow-incidenceareaswerenorthChina,partsofCentralChina,NorthwesternChinaandSouthwesternChina,withtheincidenceratesoflowerthan30~50per100000population.③Populationdistri-bution:Themaletofemaleratiodecreasedfrom1.60∶1~1.69∶1intheearly1990sto1.35∶1~1.40∶1inthelate1990s.STDincidencerateswerehighestinthe20~39agegroup,andthereportedSTDcasesofthisagegroupaccountedforover80%oftotalcases.ConclusionSexuallytransmitteddiseasesinChinahavebecomeaseriouspublichealthproblemandtheeffectiveinterventionprogrammesagainstSTDsmustbeimplementedacrossthecountry.
【CateGory Index】: R759
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