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《Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College》 2005-04
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Origin of Torreya grandis'Merrillii'

LI Zhang-ju,CHENG Xiao-jian,DAI Wen-sheng,ZENG Yan-ru(Research Institute of Cash Forest,Zhejiang Forestry College,Lin'an 311300,Zhejiang,China)  
Through making textual criticism on historical documents and investigation analysis on ancient Torreya grandis 'Merrillii' trees,results are showed that Torreya grandis 'Merrillii' is a superior cultivar of Torreya grandis,which is selected from superior trees of Torreya grandis and then cultivated by vegetative propagation.Torreya grandis 'Merrillii' originated from the Tang Dynasty,expanded culture in Song Dynasty,received scale development in the Yuan,Ming and Qing Dynasties.Because of the long history in application of Torreya grandis and good social economic terms in the Kuaiji mountains area,Zhejiang Province,which made Torreya grandis 'Merrillii' be protected and developed,Kuaiji mountains area is the country of origin of Torreya grandis 'Merrillii'.Torreya grandis'Merrillii' is different from common Torreya and other variety types of Torreya grandis with its peculiar morphological character,fine quality and land of origin.Torreya grandis 'Merrillii' is a improved superior cultivar and a famous products brand,besides traditional Torreya grandis 'Merrillii',other variety types can't be called Torreya grandis'Merrillii'.[Ch,1 fig.1 tab.20 ref.]
【Key Words】: Torreya grandis'Merrillii' cultivar origin textual criticism
【Fund】: 浙江省科学技术厅重大项目(021102537)
【CateGory Index】: S664.5
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