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《Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College》 2009-02
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Soil physical and chemical properties in Shanghai's urban forests

LIU Wei-hua1,2,ZHANG Gui-lian3,XU Fei2,WANG Ya-ping1,2,YU Xue-qin1,2,WANG Kai-yun1(1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China;2.School of Resources and Environment Science,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China;3.CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology,Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences,Chinese Academy of Science,Shanghai 200031,China)  
To explore the soil physical and chemical properties in regards to the vegetation community of urban forest,and to inquire the relationship between soil and the vegetation from the urban ecology angle,soil was collected from park green spaces,road green belts,residential areas,and green space affiliated to units within the external circle highway of Shanghai City.Based on the community structure,a system of 6 forest types consists of evergreen broad-leaved forest,deciduous broadleaved forest,evergreen coniferous forest,deciduous needle-leaf forest,evergreen shrub forest and deciduous shrub forest was determined.And the polts were ascertained according to the fan-shaped grid method of landscape pattern.Physicochem-ical properties were measured at soil depths of 0-10,10-20,and 20-30 cm.Results showed that av-erage soil organic matter(SOM) above 30 cm was 15.52 g.kg-1,average total nitrogen(TN) was 3.78 g.kg-1,and average total phosphorus(TP) was 1.13 g.kg-1.SOM and TN in the surface layer were rich and gradual-ly decreased with depth,but TP did not show a gradual downward trend.Soil density was between 1.44-1.60 g.cm-3.Because average SOM,TN,and TP in the top 30 cm of urban green belt soil in Shanghai were low and compaction had increased soil density,measures are needed to improve fertility levels,espe-cially in the newly-established green belts,to enhance the nutrient content and increase the landscape effect.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30670315);; 上海市优秀学科带头人计划(A类)项目(06XD14008);; 上海市科学技术委员会资助项目(06DZ2303);; 中国博士后科学基金资助项目(20060400636)
【CateGory Index】: S714.2
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