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《Hybrid Rice》 2001-05
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Genetic Distance Detected with RFLP Markers among Rice Cultivars (Oryza sativa L.) and Its Relation to Heterosis

ZHANG Pei jiang 1, CAI Hong wei 2, YUAN Ping rong 3, ZHAN Xin chun 1, RUAN Xin min 1, SUN Chuan qing 2, HE Li bin 1, SUN Ming 1 (1.Rice Research Institute, Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031, China; 2.Departmen  
Twelve parents were crossed according to NCⅡ design and thirty two F 1 hybrids were obtained, Shanyou 63 was used as the control. The heterosis of eight characters, i.e. days to heading (DH), plant height (PH), panicle length (PL) and yield components were statistically estimated. The genetic distance (GD) between two parents was evaluated from RFLP banding patterns among parents. The possibility was explored that genetic distance was used to calculate heterosis between two parents. Based on the pair wise comparisons of amplification products the genetic distance was calculated using Nei's genetic distance and a dendrogram was constructed using an unweighted pair group method with arithmetical averages (UPGMA). The indica and japonica cultivars were easily classified by cluster analysis, and temperate and tropical japonica cultivars were classified into separate subgroups, too.The heterosis of number of grains per panicle (GP) was the strongest with a mean of 33.5% in relative heterosis (RH) or mid parent heterosis and a mean of 23.1% in standard heterosis (SH). Heterosis was compared among three cross combination groups: J×J, J×J' and J×I. In general, RH and SH showed an order of J×JJ×J'J×I in four characters, i.e. DH, PH, PL and number of effective tillers per plant (ETP). However, GP showed J×JJ×J'J×I in RH and J×JJ×IJ×J' in SH. The GD between the two parents were significantly correlated with respective RH and SH in three characters, i.e. DH, PH, PL, and with RH in two characters, ETP and GP. The results from the dendrogram were found that the economic heterosis between temperate japonica cultivars was low, the heterosis between subgroups was stronger. Making use of Nuda and javanica rice to develop different ecotypic parents, hybrid rice combinations with very strong heterosis could be developed.
【Fund】: 农业部“跨越计划”项目 (1999 0 1 0 9)
【CateGory Index】: S511.035.1
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