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《Hybrid Rice》 2008-03
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Effects of Fertilizer Application on Grain Quality of Hybrid Rice under Cultivation of System of Rice Intensification(SRI)

ZHANG Jia1, XIE Bi-wu2, YAN Cheng-xing1, HUANG Ren-jun1, TAN Jian-guo3, LI Cheng-duan1(1. Agricultural Science Research Institute of Chongqing Three Gorges, Wanzhou, Chongqing 404001, China; 2. Chongqing Three Gorges Vocational College, Wanzhou, Chongqing 404001, China;3.Agriculture Bureau of Wanzhou District of Chongqing, Wanzhou, Chongqing 404000, China)  
Four factors, i.e., applying amount of nitrogen (x1), phosphate (x2), potassium (x3) and silicon(x4) fertilizers, were chosen to study on their main effects and interaction on grain quality traits of the fine quality hybrid rice combination D You 3232 under the cultivation of System of Rice Intensification (SRI), using quadratic orthogonal rotating combinatorial design. The regression models of the major grain quality traits including amylose content, chalky rice percentage and head rice recovery to the dosages of the four fertilizers were established. The results showed that the most important factor in this experiment was phosphate, which had a significant main effect on the grain quality traits of amylose content, chalky rice percentage and head rice recovery. In addition, it was also found that there existed significant interaction effects on amylose content and chalky rice percentage between nitrogen and silicon fertilizers and on chalky rice percentage between phosphate and silicon fertilizers. The optimal fertilizing pattern based on this study was: applying 171.60~195.90 kg/hm2 of urine, 283.35~393.30 kg/hm2 of calcium superphosphate, 102.30~122.70 kg/hm2 of potassium chloride and 138.30~158.33 kg/hm2 of silicon fertilizer. With this fertilizing pattern, the major grain quality characters of D You 3232 could reach the national fine quality standards of rice under the cultivation of SRI.
【Key Words】: hybrid rice System of Rice Intensification grain quality optimized fertilization
【Fund】: 国家科技部“三峡库区优质稻产业化综合技术开发”资助项目(K2000-09-04)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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