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THE ANCIENT CHINESE SOLAR ECLIPSE RECORDS AND THE SECULAR CHANGES IN THE ROTATION OF THE EARTH

Zhang Pei-yu  
The ancient eclipses records are the most useful data to research the historical secular changes in the rotation of the earth. This paper discusses and analyses the ancient Chiness solar eclipse records (before the end of Ming Dynasty) in the literature. It points out that the data after Western Han are on the whole system-complete, many of that are the observational records in the capital.It's a pity that the ancient observers did not pay attention to the accurate moments of the celestial phenomena. The author selects thirteen total (annular) solar eclipse records with explicit places of observation from these data and probes into the tendency of the secular changes in the rotation of the earth.
【CateGory Index】: P183
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 HAN YAN-BEN (Beijing Astronomical Observatory,National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012,China);RECORDS OF ANCIENT CENTRAL SOLAR ECLIPSES IN CHINA AND VARIATION OF THE EARTH'S ROTATION[J];Chinese Journal of Geophysics;1999-S1
2 Zhao Zhen;The Solar Eclipses Recorded in the TIANWENZHI in the Old and New Tang Books[J];Journal of Historiography;2010-01
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 7 Hits
1 Han Yanben(Beijing Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080)Zhang Peiyu(Purple Mountain Astronomical Observatory. Chinese Academy of Sciences Nanjing 210008 );△T DERIVED FRQM CHINESE ANCIENT TIMING RECORDS OF LUNAR ECLIPSES BETWEEN A.D.3rd AND 13th CENTURY[J];PROGRESS IN GEOPHYSICS;1994-04
2 An Ou (Seismogeological Brigade,State Seismological Bureau);RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACTIVITY OF LARGE EARTHQUAKES IN THE WHOLE WORLD AND ROTATION SPEED OF THE EARTH[J];North China Earthquake Sciences;1985-01
3 Li Yong; Zhang Peiyu; Xu Bangxin (1)Astronomy Department of Nanjing University, 210093, Nanjing, PRC;2) Purple Mountain Observatory, Academia Sinica, 210008, Nanjing, PRC);RESEARCH ON 31 TOTAL (ANNULAR) SOLAR ECLIPSE RECORDS IN CHINESE ANCIENT ANNALS[J];JOURNAL OF NAIJING UNIVERSITY (NATURAL SCIENCES);1995-02
4 Han Yanben Li Zhisen Lin Baisen Yang Xihong(Beijing Observatory, Academia Sinica);The Parameter of Variation in the Rotational Speed of the Earth from Ancient Central Eclipses Records of China[J];中国天文和天体物理学报(英文版);1984-02
5 Wu Shouxian Liu Ciyuan (Shaanxi Astronomical Obseratory, Academia Sinica);The Progress on the Research of the Secular Variation of the Earth's Rotation by the Ancient Eclipses Records[J];Progress In Astronomy;1987-02
6 Zhang Pei-yu (Purple Mountain Astronomical Observatory, Academia Sinica, Nanjing 210008)Han Yan-ben(Beijing Astronomical Observatory, Academia Sinica,Beijing 100080);THE TIMING SOLAR ECLIPSES RECORDED IN CHINA AND THE SECULAR CHANGES IN THE EARTH'S ROTATION BEFORE THE 8TH CENTURY[J];ACTA ASTRONOMICA SINICA;1995-03
7 MA Liping(National Time Service Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710600, China);Position of the Sun in Ancient Chinese Records of Solar Eclipse[J];Studies in the History of Natural Sciences;2008-01
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Han Yanben (Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, 100875, Beijing, China; Beijing Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100012, Beijing, China);PRINCIPLE AND METHOD TO STUDY SECULAR VARIATION OF THE EARTH'S ROTATION USING OBSERVATIONS OF ANCIENT ASTRONOMICAL EVENTS[J];Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science);2001-01
2 HAN YanBen & QIAO QiYuan National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China;Records of solar eclipse observations in ancient China[J];中国科学(G辑:物理学 力学 天文学)(英文版);2009-11
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