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《Chinese Journal of Population Science》 2008-04
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China’s Urbanization and Rural Labor Migration

Bai Nansheng Li Jing  
The paper studies the history since 1978,the present situation and the trend of china’s urbanization and rural labor migration.In an international perspective,China urbanization rate is still relatively low.The bias in the pre-reform era that the urbanization rate was lower than the industrialization rate has been changing.In terms of the economic structure,the amount of labor in the agricultural sector is still too high,which is the biggest distortion of labor allocation.The most salient character of China’s urbanization in the reform period is that it has resulted from breaking urban-rural divide.But due to social exclusion in employment,daily life and other aspects,most rural migrants can’t settle down permanently,in the state of so-called semi-urbanized.The issue of migrant workers has been imperative in China’s urbanization.In the situation of fast economic growth China’s urbanization will be accelerated,which calls for balancing urban and rural development for the sake of justice.These changes generate new needs for policies with regard to rural migrants,but it is most important to guarantee a stable policy expectation to them.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金重大项目中标课题“城市化进程中的农民工问题研究”(05&ZD041)的成果之一;; “中国农村发展创新基地科研课题”资助
【CateGory Index】: F299.2;F323.6
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