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Applied anatomy of superficial palmar arch

Wang Bin *,Zheng Huan,Zhao Shaoping,et al. *Department of Hand Surgery,The Second Hospital of Tangshan City,Hebei province,Tangshan 063000  
To provide anatomical basis for repair of the superficial palmar arch with transplanted superficial vein when the operations of vessel repair and replantation of severed palm are performed.Methods:The origin and branches of ulnar of superficial palmar arch were observed and measured on 30 cases of hand specimens.Results:There were 4 types of branches arising from the ulnar side of superficial palmar arch.If the center of pisiform bone was regarded as point O,the origin of the proper palmar digital artery of little finger as point A,the origin of common palmar digital arteries of the 3rd、2nd、1st fingers were regarded as point B,C,D respectively;then the distance was as follow:O A 30.1±5.6 mm;A B 8.1±4.7 mm;B C 9.2±6.0 mm;C D 6.2±3.9 mm.The diameters of the origins of branches followed:A:1.24±0.34 mm;B:1.50±0.34 mm;C:1.78±0.42 mm;D:1.54±0.38 mm.Conclusions:The branches of superficial palmar arch on ulnar side are constant.The anatomical data will benefit the repair the repair of superficial palmar arch.
【CateGory Index】: R322.12
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