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《Journal of Central South University of Forestry & Technology》 2008-01
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Ecological Characteristics of Seed Germination of The Endangered Species Antiaris toxicaria

WEN Bin1,2,CAI Chuan-tao1 (1.Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Mengla 666303,Yunnan,China;2.Graduate School,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China)  
A study was conducted of the effects of temperature,illumination and soil moisture upon the seed germination of Antiaris toxicaria(Pers.) Lesch and its seed lifespan.The results indicate that the favorable temperature range for germination is 15~35℃ and the optimum temperature is 25~35℃;that the periodic alternation between illumination and darkness does not depress seed germination but full darkness promotes shoot growth;that the favorable content of soil moisture is between 20%~70% while the optimum is 40%;and that under the condition of indoor storage,its germinating rate decreases to 50% after 12 weeks and reduces to nil after 18 weeks.It seems that this species depends strongly on its native rain forest habitat for existence,whose endangered state is caused by denudation and deforestation.For some recalcitrant properties of its seeds,the protection of this species relies on in-situ conservation supplemented with ex-situ conservation of living plants.
【Key Words】: botany Antiaris toxicaria seed germination ecological characteristics
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30571526);; 中国科学院院长基金资助
【CateGory Index】: S792.99
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