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《Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin》 2007-04
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Analysis on Combining Ability and Heritability in quality characters of Three-line indica Hybrid

You Qingru, Huang Tingxu, Yang Dong, Tu Shihang, Xie Hongguang, Zheng Jiatuan (Rice Institute of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou Subcenter of Nation Rice Iimprovement Center of China, Fuzhou 350018)  
In this experiment, 3 CMS lines including Chuangxiang 29A (A1)?Zhenshan 97A (A2) and Ⅱ-32A(A3) and 8 new breeding restorers were used to parents, and they were chosen to analysis the combining ability and heritability of 11 quality characters by way of 3×8 incomplete diallel cross design?The results showed:(1) Both general combining ability (gca) and specific combining ability (sca) were highly or most highly significant in most of 11 characters, namely they were controled by gene additive effects and gene nonadditive effects together,but the gene additive variation of parents was principal.(2) In 3 characters,Milled rice recovery (%), Chalkiness (%) and amylase, the contribution of CMs to general combining ability Variance was greater than restorers; while in grain length, grain width, ratio of length to width of grain, Brown rice recovery (%), Milled rice recovery (%),Chalkiness (%),gel consistence and so on, the contribution of storers to general combining ability Variance was greater than CMS. In two characters, setting ratio and gelatinization temperature, the contribution of both of them was equal.(3)The wide heritability was ordered from high to low as filled grain length, ratio of length to width of grain, chalky rice percentage, grain width,gelatinization temperature, gel consistence ,paddy whole refined rice rate (%), Brown rice recovery (%), percentage of amylase, Milled rice recovery (%), Chalkiness (%). The value of the wide heritability ranged from 96.99% and 38.13%. The narrow heritability was ordered from high to low as grain length, ratio of length to width of grain, chalky rice percentage, Brown rice recovery (%),gelatinization temperature,paddy whole refined rice rate (%), Chalkiness (%), gel consistence,Milled rice recovery (%) and amylase percentage. The narrow heritability ranged from 85.62% and 17.32%. The trends of the narrow heritability of most characters is the same as that of the wide heritability. (4)The effect of general combining ability had highly different variation in one character of different parents and one parent in different characters. In 11 parents, A1? R8 and R7 were the more ideality.
【Fund】: 农业部农业结构调整重大技术研究专项“优质专用水稻新品种选育及高效配套技术研究”(06-01-01B)农业部超级稻新品种选育与示范项目“华南稻区超级早、晚稻新品种选育与示范”。
【CateGory Index】: S511.21
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